How To Conjugate Ser In The Present Tense

23 Jul

conjugate ser

Conjugate Ser in the present tense is the first irregular verb conjugation that a student will learn. The paragraphs below will give you an idea how to conjugate ser in the present tense.

Ser is one of the two different verbs in Spanish used to describe the ubiquitous verb “to be.”  Many of its conjugations are irregular, and so it is important to solidly memorize them to maintain a strong working knowledge of Spanish.

Ser is most commonly used in the present tense.  Varying by pronoun usage (he/they/we, etc.), we can conjugate ser into different forms of “is,” “are,” or “am.” Look at the chart of verb conjugations below to see conjugate ser in the present tense.

Example of conjugate ser in the present tense


Yo Soy (I am) Nosotros Somos (we are)
Eres (you are) Vosotros Sois (you all are)
Él/Ella/Ud. Es (he/she/it is) Ellos/Ellas/Uds. Son (they are)

Because of the unique conjugation of each verb in regards to the corresponding pronoun, the verb can stand by itself to indicate both the subject and the verb. To say it plainly, you do not need to say or write pronouns, because the verb itself contains the pronoun, such as yo (I) or (you). This is the case with many Spanish verbs, but is especially noteworthy for the verb “to be” because of how often it is at the beginning of a sentence.  For example, to say, “I am very tall,” you could say “Yo soy muy alto.” But because soy specifically means “I am” and not just “am,” we could remove the yo. The sentence would then read “Soy muy alto.” It is easier, more succinct, and just as correct. The Yo becomes redundant, and is therefore unnecessary.

The other verbs on the chart correspond to their own pronoun.  With the verb conjugations, you can make sentences such as “Somos amigos,” (“We are friends”), or  “Eres un buen tipo,” (“You are a good guy”).  It should be noted that Latin America Spanish (ie not Spain Spanish) uses Ustedes in place of Vosotros when trying to say “you all.”  In a sentence, it would read, “(Ustedes) son listos,” (“You all are clever”), even though the verb son means “they are.”

Although the varying conjugations make it harder to memorize and conjugate ser in the present tense, all in all, it makes the spoken and written language much simpler to use.

Look for more information regarding other ways to conjugate ser throughout this site.

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  1. How to conjugate Ser in the Imperfect tense | The Spanish Verb Ser Blog

    July 24, 2010 at 4:48 am

    [...] for more information regarding other ways to conjugate ser throughout this site. addthis_url = [...]